-The whole contains properties that cannot be measured solely by it's individual parts -Our government does not create laws on a case-by-case situation, rather it creates laws to protect society as a whole Are there ways of investigating that ethically we should not use? - Questioning eye witnesses may force inividuals to reconstruct false memories which could result in emotional distress - As related to the Treyvon Martin case: - Austin Brown, a 13 year old boy walking his dog during the incident was asked by the police to reccount the event a week after it had occured What do we consider ethical? Applied EthicsTOK Presentation: Ethics & LawsReal Life Situation On February 26, 2012, 17-year old Trayvon Martin, an African American high school student, was shot by George Zimmerman in a gated community in Sanford, Florida. George Zimmerman was the Neighborhood Watch coordinator and claimed to be using self- defense. How do we know our ethics change over time and subsequently change our laws? -Our laws have changed to fit what our society deems to be ethically correct at the the time -Prohibition of SlaveryHannah Eriksson and Madison Hamilton Knowledge Question How do we accept or reject statutory laws based on ethics?-Connection with the real life situation: Zimmerman was protected under a law many considered to be unethical. At the time of the case, many in the media rejected the idea of the law and the way it was written. This led us to question the way laws are written and how our society accepts a law. Ethics -Derived from the Greek word ethikos meaning “showing moral character"The Stand Your Ground Law- A person may justifiably use force in self defense without an obligation to retreat first AOK: The Human Sciences- The Observer Effect is a leading issue in the human sciences because the observed individual may be inclined to change their behavior due to nervousness or emarrasement Another Perspective: Laws should be altered on a case by case situation - The Verstehen Position: the main aim of human sciences is to understand the meaning of various social practices from the inside as they are understood by the agents themseleves- Individuals who support this belief may argue that legal decisions should not be made until a judge or lawyer observes the case from the "inside" - Decisions may vary between similar cases that occur under different circumstances Moral Reasoning
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